Students in Transition (Title IX)

McKinney-Vento Act


Under the McKinney-Vento Act, certain living situations are considered to be homeless that may not typically be recognized as homeless situations. This includes: living doubled up with one or more families due to financial hardship or similar reason, living in an inadequate trailer home, living in transitional housing and living temporarily in a hotel due to various circumstances. See below for the homeless definition as provided directly from the Act.

The McKinney-Vento Definition of Homeless

Subtitle VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (per Title IX, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act) defines homeless as follows:

The term "homeless children and youths"--

(A) means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence (within the meaning of section 103(a)(1)); and

(B) includes--

(i) children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; or are abandoned in hospitals;* 

(ii) children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings (within the meaning of section 103(a)(2)(C)); 

(iii) children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and 

(iv) migratory children (as such term is defined in section 1309 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965) who qualify as homeless for the purposes of this subtitle because the children are living in circumstances described in clauses (i) through (iii).


If you feel that you may be living in one of these situations, please complete a Student Residency Questionnaire and return to your child's school.


Useful Links

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth (NAEHCY)

Madison County School District Homeless Education Policy